This remote seaside village lost over 200 yards of land to shoreline erosion in the last 10 years. Residents are hopeful that a volcanic eruption from the overdue Katla will reclaim area from the sea.
Straddling two tectonic plates, Iceland is prone to earthquakes. Icelandic building code requires that village homes be seismic resistant, due to the active fault line separating the country. In the event that homes are destroyed by a volcanic eruption, the government provides those affected with new permanent homes.
Nearby, Icelandic geothermal energy plants are experimenting with re-injection, increasing the amount of return routes yearly. Returning used water deep into the earth creates pockets of steam pressure, which cause small (1-2 Richter scale), frequent earthquakes. Agricultural villages nearby are voicing complaints, but re-injection remains the safest way to dispose and recycle subsurface heated water needed for the geothermal energy harvesting process.
Image Credit: Nicole Mater © CMYK SPACE 2017, Black Sand Beach, Iceland